Evidences authenticated using blockchain technology will be deemed as legally binding in Internet Courts in China.In an official announcement issued by China’s Supreme Court on September 7,2018,it has been ruled that evidence authenticated with blockchain technology is binding in legal disputes .With the implementation of this rule the internet courts which handle Internet related disputes will be enabled to consider verified digital data as evidence.
The announcement by Supreme court of China said :
“Internet courts shall recognize digital data that are submitted as evidence if relevant parties collected and stored these data via blockchain with digital signatures, reliable timestamps and hash value verification or via a digital deposition platform, and can prove the authenticity of such technology used.”
China’s first internet court situated in Hangzhou in Zhejiang province had already considered verified blockchain records as legal evidence while handling its first case in January 2018.Consideration of evidence obtained from distributed ledger technology by internet courts is not world’s first. The U.S. state of Vermont has signed a bill into law allowing digital records on a blockchain to be self -authenticiating .
Here is what Vermont’s conduct of Trail Rules stated :
“A digital record electronically registered in a blockchain shall be self-authenticating pursuant to Vermont Rule of Evidence 902, if it is accompanied by a written declaration of a qualified person, made under oath, stating the qualification of the person to make the certification…”
The announcement issued by China’s Supreme Court says that blockchain records are a legitimate source as a method of authenticating digital evidence.The supreme court announced :
“The electronic data submitted by the parties can prove their authenticity through electronic signature, trusted time stamp, hash value check, blockchain and other evidence collection, fixed and tamper-proof technical means or through electronic forensic evidence platform certification. The Internet court should confirm,”